Extreme Weather Events in
Europe: Preparing for Climate Change Adaptation
This report from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute
and EASAC (European Academies Science Advisory
Council) is focused on providing a working-level assessment of
the current state of the quantitative understanding of relevant
extreme weather phenomena and their impacts.
Balancing the future of Europes coasts - EEA report
The objective of this report is to frame an analytical approach
for coastal areas in Europe, and to place this in the context of
the new socio‑economic drivers of sustainable growth, and the
formation of a new integrated policy framework. This framework
builds on an ecosystem‑based management approach and integrated
spatial planning and management. The report presents some key
sustainability challenges for European coastal areas and waters,
and highlights the need for a consolidated knowledge base and
widespread information‑sharing to support informed policy
development and management actions.
Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to navigate uncharted
This report from the OECD provides guidance to policy makers to
help improve the prioritisation, efficiency, timeliness and equity
of their policy responses. The report sets out a risk-based
appraoch for adapting to climate change that promotes water
Climate Change and Natura 2000 - Dealing with the impact of
climate change on the management of the Natura 2000 network of
areas of high biodiversity value
These guidelines are primarily aimed at Natura 2000 site
managers and policy makers. The purpose is to underline
benefits from Natura 2000 sites in mitigating the impacts of
climate change, reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience,
and how adaptation of management for species and habitats
protected by Natura 2000 can be used to tackle the effects of
the land in a changing climate, Adaptation Sub-Committee Progress
This UK report reviews some of the key ecosystem services
provided by the land.
Specifically, the report addresses the use of land to continue to
deliver important goods and services in the face of a changing
climate - supplying food and timber, providing habitat for
wildlife, storing carbon in the soil, and coping with sea level
rise on the coast.
NYC Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency: A stronger,
more resilient New York.
This is New York city's comprehensive strategy for climate
change adaptation. It contains a mix of hard and soft actionable
recommendations both for rebuilding the communities impacted by
Hurricane Sandy and increasing the resilience of infrastructure and
buildings citywide against the impact of severe storms.
Climate change and health: a tool for estimating health and
adaptation costs, World Health Organization 2013
The World Health Organisation has published a report to help
national policy-makers in Europe to assess the costs of health and
adaptation. 'Climate change and health: a tool to estimate health
and adaptation costs' provides guidance on assessing the costs of
the health impacts of climate change and also the costs and
benefits of adaptation to avoid or minimise these impacts.
Adaptative Response Framework (EPA - United States Environmental
Climate change impacts pose challenges to the water sector's
ability to fulill its public health and environmental missions.
Extreme weather events, sea-level rise,
temperature changes, and shifting precipitation and runof patterns
may result in changes to water quality and availability.
Uncertainty in climate change projections and diiculty in
connecting these changes to local impacts poses a complex set of
challenges to utilities. Increased understanding of these
factors has signiicant implications for the resilience of the water
EPA's Climate Ready Water Utilities (CRWU) initiative provides
resources for the water sector to adapt to climate change by
promoting a clear understanding of climate science and adaptation
options and by promoting consideration of integrated water
resources management planning in the water sector. If you have not
yet incorporated climate change into your utility's decisionmaking
processes, it may seem daunting. But climate change can be
integrated into existing practices such as
asset management, efective utility management, water supply and
demand planning, capacity building, security, and emergency
preparedness. Capitalizing on these connections makes climate
planning more manageable and approachable.
Adaptation Strategies Guide for Water Utilities (EPA - United
States Environmental Protection Agency)
Climate change presents several challenges to drinking water and
wastewater utilities, including increased frequency and duration of
droughts, loods associated with intense precipitation events and
coastal storms, degraded water quality, wildires and coastal
erosion, and subsequent changes in demand for services.
While these impacts have been documented in numerous
publications, inding the right information for your type of utility
or geographic region can be diicult and sometimes overwhelming.
Therefore, the goals of the Adaptation Strategies Guide are (1) to
provide drinking water and wastewater utilities with a basic
understanding of how climate change can impact utility operations
and missions, and (2) to provide examples of actions utilities can
take (i.e., adaptation options) to prepare for these impacts.
in Europe - Addressing risks and opportunities from climate change
in the context of socio-economic developments
This report provides policymakers across Europe, at different
levels of governance and stages of policy formulation, with
information that can be used to support adaptation planning and
implementation. Specific parts of the report are therefore targeted
at different audiences.
National Adaptation Planning: Lessons from
OECD Countries 2013), OECD Environment, Working Papers, No. 54, OECD
This paper provides an overview of
national adaptation planning activity across OECD countries and
identifies some of the emerging lessons that have been learnt from
It finds that countries and local governments have made
significant investments in building capacity and new knowledge to
support adaptation and identifies key challenges faced as they have
started to implement their strategies and plans.
Circle 2 - Adaptation inspiration book
The CIRCLE-2 Adaptation Inspiration Book has
been launched. The goal of this initiative is to show the progress
in Europe on adaptation to climate change and to showcase
inspirational and daring adaptation projects. The CIRCLE-2
Inspiration Book was designed in a bold and visual format
highlighting good practices of implemented adaptation projects in
(Note downloading might take some time)
Circle 2 - Climate
The "Preliminary Findings and Key Questions" report provides
insight into the Climate Adaptation research
landscape across a larger Europe and raises key questions that
are relevant to fully understand the complex mosaic of adaptation
research in Europe.
Adaptation to climate change - are
A cooperative audit
The cooperative audit indicates that governments are not
sufficiently prepared for the expected impacts of climate
change and do not have adequate actions in place to deal with
these unavoidable negative effects. This cooperative audit is based
on eight individual national audit reports from
Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway,
Russia and Ukraine, and a factfinding study by the European
Court of Auditors.
Generally the national audits revealed that the countries
assessed in this report are in an early stage in adapting to
climate change. So far, adaptation activities are related to
identifying risk and vulnerabilities and to some extent policy
Actions identified in the national audits covered in this
report are mainly a response to current challenges and not
initiated due to anticipated medium-term and long-term climate
Based on this the report puts forward a series of recomendations
intended for national and regional planning and action.